Publications

The reform of the Energy Charter Treaty fails to meet the EU’s objectives

The Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is a trade and investment agreement between countries in Europe and Asia that protects investments in the energy sector. Under the ECT, fossil fuel companies can sue governments in private arbitration for billions of dollars, for example, if government intervention against climate change affects future profits. In this short factsheet, […]

Politically controversial, but weak in content: The China-EU Investment Agreement

The investment agreement between China and the EU is highly controversial – and its future uncertain. It is unclear whether and when it will be ratified by the European Parliament. Nevertheless, the Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI) is worth studying. The public debate often focuses on climate, labor, and human rights aspects. At least as […]

40 human rights and environmental NGOs warn against unnecessary and harmful delays to new sustainable battery rules

40 human rights and environmental NGOs are concerned to see a recent Council text proposing delays of up to four years for the introduction of rules aiming at reducing batteries’ carbon footprint, a delay of two years for the phase-in of mandatory supply chain checks for environmental and human rights abuses, as well as a […]

12 Arguments for a Raw Material Transition

This booklet demonstrates the various issues connected to human rights, development and the environment caused by the extraction, the processing and the consumption of raw materials. Those problems cannot be tackled by more efficiency, better systems of recycling, new technologies or a better governance alone. Until now, the issues of availability, finiteness and the sustainable […]

Supply chain due diligence: China’s role in the international debate and setting of standards

The debate on mandatory human rights supply chain due diligence is gaining momentum. Legal regulations are discussed extensively both at the international level as well as in Germany. In this debate, one country in particular is getting attention: China. According to some industry associations and symphatizing politicians, if Germany or the EU were to introduce […]

International regulatory cooperation and the public good

How “good regulatory practices” in trade agreements erode protections for the environment, public health, workers and consumers The EU's Trade Agreement with Canada (CETA) is the first EU agreement to include a comprehensive chapter on regulatory cooperation. Critical voices warn that regulatory cooperation is a gateway to deregulation and lowering environmental and consumer protection standards. […]