Publications

Will Industry 4.0 Create New Raw Materials Demands?

The digitalization of production processes, in Germany also known as Industry 4.0, promises economic growth in times of stagnation. According to business organizations and market-liberal politicians, digitalization will provide solutions for current global challenges like economic stagnation, (youth) unemployment, post-financial crisis or climate change. From buildings and cars to entire supply chains, everything will be connected. We will live in …

New Factsheet: Ruthless exploitation in the raw materials sector: How corporations are using the investment court system to enforce their interests

Our new factsheet: “Ruthless exploitation in the raw materials sector: How corporations are using the investment court system to enforce their interests” is all about investors suing the state.
It explores the roots of the investor-state dispute settlement systems – as a mechanism protecting colonial investments from expropriation- and traces its development until today. But the paper also takes a …

Without responsibility and transparency – Human rights risks along the nickel supply chain

Being one of the biggest export nations, Germany is strongly dependent on raw material imports. Nearly 100 percent of the metallic primary raw materials are imported from abroad and processed by German industry. The German raw material requirement has strongly increased over the past decades and according to the forecasts it will continue to increase in the coming years. Violations …

Factsheet: We make the rules! How the EU intervenes in the sovereign fiscal policy of resource-rich countries

Raw materials, including raw materials for energy production, as well as semi-finished products, and components make up two thirds of all EU imports; more than half of these imports are transported to Germany. Germany’s status as ‘export world champion’ means that it relies on imports, including those of ferrous raw materials. In fact, Germany is particularly dependent on imports of …

Policy Paper Working Group on Raw Materials: Towards a Democratic and Globally Just Resource Policy

The Federal Republic of Germany depends on the import of metallic, mineral and fossil fuel resources. The extraction of these raw materials takes place at the expense of the environment and leads to human rights violations. The German Federal Government does not take these consequences adequately into account. Instead, it supports the industry because of concerns around security of supply.…